Skip to Content

Environmental Performance
Energy and Emissions

Previous Next
380 kt

carbon emissions

950 GWh

energy consumption


renewable electricity

Being a Front-Runner of a Greener Way of Working

As a role model for sustainable business operations, SAP takes its environmental responsibilities seriously. We believe that by running cleaner, greener operations, we can make a difference to our planet. In addition, we aim to enable our customers to reduce their overall carbon footprint through our software.

One of our goals is to reduce net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from our operations to levels of the year 2000 by 2020. This target includes all direct emissions from running our business as well as a selected subset of indirect emissions from supply chains and services.

A number of initiatives harness innovative technologies to help us run our operations in a way that minimizes our impact on the environment. In addition, our investment in renewable electricity certificates and carbon credits enables us to support sustainability projects across the globe.

*For more information on the calculation method of the 2016 CO2 emissions, see our Notes to Environmental Performance Reporting section on the GHG footprint in the SAP Integrated Report online.

In addition to our long-term commitment for 2020, we have derived annual targets for our internal operational steering. In 2016, we outperformed our annual target to reduce our emissions to less than 400 kilotons (kt) of CO2. This result stems primarily from updating our emission factors as well as compensation with carbon emission offsets. Our focus on carbon emissions has contributed to a cumulative cost avoidance of €155 million in the past three years, compared to a business-as-usual scenario based on 2007. We avoided €73.6 million of this cost in 2016.

Committing to 100% Renewable Electricity

Our commitment to 100% renewable electricity is crucial to making our operations more sustainable. While SAP produces a small amount of renewable electricity through solar panels in some locations, we rely primarily on the purchase of renewable energy certificates (RECs) to achieve our target of 100% renewable electricity. We follow robust procurement guidelines for RECs to ensure that we only invest in environmentally friendly schemes.

Strengthening Our “Green Cloud”

As more business moves to the cloud, data centers are a key part of how SAP provides solutions to our customers. By using our green cloud services, customers can significantly reduce their carbon footprint. However, data centers represent a significant part of our total GHG with energy consumption increasing as a growing number of customers sign up to our cloud services. For this reason, our data centers have become a primary focus of our carbon reduction efforts. We have introduced initiatives to drive efficiency and innovation around buildings, data center operations, and infrastructure. For example, in 2016, one of our main data centers in Rot, Germany, had a very efficient power usage effectiveness (PUE) of 1.35. In addition, we have tied our business strategy to our environmental strategy by creating a completely “green cloud” powered by 100% renewable electricity at SAP. Carbon neutrality is achieved by purchasing renewable electricity certificates and carbon emission offsets.

* We started reporting our external data center energy consumption in 2014.

Helping Our Customers Run Greener Operations

The vast majority of our overall emissions result from the use of our software. When our customers run SAP software on their hardware and on their premises, the resulting carbon footprint is about 20 times the size of our own net carbon footprint. To address this, we have developed a downstream emissions strategy to help our customers, hardware providers, and others run greener operations. One of the most important ways we help our customers reduce their energy usage and emissions is by managing their SAP systems through cloud services provided by our carbon-neutral green cloud offerings. In addition, the solutions in our portfolio help enable our customers manage their resources, such as electricity, in an efficient manner.

The SAP HANA platform also plays a vital role in helping our customers to cut their carbon emissions. By combining the worlds of analytic and transactional data into one real-time, in-memory platform, it can help create much leaner operations, further simplifying the system landscape and reducing energy consumption.

SAP also works with customers to optimize their on-premise landscapes so that they consume less energy. We achieve this by helping them to decommission legacy systems, archive unused data, and consolidate business applications, as well as virtualizing their system landscape.

Driving Environmental Initiatives Throughout SAP

We continuously pursue strategies to help us achieve our goal of reducing emissions at a time of ongoing growth in our business. Key initiatives for 2016 included the following:

  • Sustainable programming sessions
    In a new online training module, software developers and architects learn how to make a positive contribution to SAP’s sustainability goals in their daily programming work. Performance and sustainability go hand in hand as performance-optimized programming usually equates to energy-efficient programming. It also helps improve end-to-end response time and creates a great user experience for our customers.
  • Electric vehicles
    As a result of our business expansion, the number of SAP employees eligible for a company car has increased annually. We want to ensure that the resulting growth in our car fleet does not undo our successes in cutting emissions. To help address this, SAP aims to increase the number of electric vehicles in our company car fleet to 20% by 2020.
    All electric company cars charged at SAP are powered with 100% renewable electricity. In addition, in Germany, we provide employees with an incentive to switch to electric alternatives by offering a battery subsidy that offsets the costs of purchasing an electric vehicle.
  • Internal carbon pricing for business flights
    As first introduced in 2015, we continue with our program to reduce the impact of air travel by SAP employees. In addition to avoiding business flights, we invest in carbon emission offsets for air travel in nine countries by charging an internal carbon price. This offset effort resulted in a compensation of 90 kt in 2016.
  • Investment in carbon credits
    In 2016, we continued to realize the benefits of our investment in the Livelihoods Fund, a unique investment fund whose returns consist of high-quality carbon credits. Several years ago, we made a commitment to invest €3 million covering a 20-year participation in the fund that supports the sustainability of agricultural and rural communities worldwide. Livelihoods Funds have been designated the “Best Corporate Offsetting Program 2016” in voluntary carbon markets by the Environmental Finance magazine. In 2016, we received carbon credits from the fund, which helped us to offset our carbon footprint by 21 kt.
Back to top