Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous, and sustainable world. However, there are still millions of women all over the globe who are experiencing some sort of discrimination and/or violence. The good news is that progress is being made. Providing equal access to education, health care, decent work, and representation in political and economic decision-making processes will ultimately fuel sustainable economies and benefit societies and humanity at large. Through initiatives enabled by technology, women are starting to gain the most basic rights, such as access to the Internet, financial inclusion, and entrepreneurial prowess.
Gender equality was a hot topic in Hollywood in 2016, even before the “Me Too” campaign started to take off. Sandra Bullock couldn’t find challenging scripts, so she asked her agent to start sending her scripts meant for men. And she was quite happy that inequality in pay between actors and actresses was brought to the public’s attention during the Sony Pictures hack a while back.
While Sandra is fighting for equal pay and better roles in Hollywood, there are millions of women all over the globe who are experiencing similar or more extreme gender inequality. The majority of these women don’t have the clout that Sandra has. In fact, they sometimes have no voice at all.
This is where the United Nations (UN) and its Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) number 5 come into play. It is specifically targeted toward ending discrimination against women and girls throughout the world. As the UN notes, “Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous, and sustainable world.”
When the world succeeds in achieving this goal by its target date 2030, women would no longer experience extreme violence, such as trafficking and sexual exploitation. Harmful practices such as forced marriage and female genital mutilation would end. Women would have universal access to sexual and reproductive health information, and they would have equal rights to economic resources. Technology would promote the empowerment of women everywhere.
Progress is being made in all aspects of women’s and girls’ lives – including the area of economic and business empowerment. Through initiatives like the ones here, women are starting to gain the most basic rights, such as access to the Internet, financial inclusion, and entrepreneurial empowerment.
The World Wide Web Foundation and Women’s Rights Online (WRO) network found that women in poor urban areas of developing countries are 50% less likely to use the Internet than men living in the same communities. The 2018 report also found that women are 30%–50% less likely to use the Internet to increase their income or participate in public life.
Lack of Internet access is a way of keeping women systematically underserved, according to NetHope. This organization creates collaborations between nonprofit organizations and technology companies to serve populations in developing countries. NetHope and its partners created the Women and the Web Alliance, with the goal of introducing more than 600,000 15- to 25-year-old Kenyan and Nigerian women and girls to the Internet to advance their social and economic empowerment. In addition, the initiative aims to support 540,000 women with online e-learning and mentoring programs.
Data from the World Bank suggests that approximately 2.5 billion people do not have a formal account at a financial institution, and only 47% of women have a bank account versus 55% of men. To counteract this kind of inequality, Compartamos Banco opened its doors in 1990 to provide financing to female small business owners with low incomes. Today, more than 90% of the bank’s 2.8 million clients in Mexico, Guatemala, and Peru are women. With tools such as loans, savings accounts, insurance, and financial education, the bank hopes to give the women it serves what they need to have a better quality of life.
The shea nut sector in Ghana offers opportunities for economically viable inclusive business models that generate income and employment for an estimated number of 900,000 rural women. Producing shea nut products can be an arduous task, especially without the right education or the right financial tools. Such was the case in northern Ghana, where generations of rural women manually processed these nuts into butter for cooking and health products, until several years ago when the StarShea Network was formed.
The network is a federation of rural women’s groups in northern Ghana that harvest and process shea nuts and butter. It provides information technology, education, and microfinancing to the women so they can conduct business independently and sustainably. Through mobile technology, these women receive transparency on current market prices so they can sell their products competitively to global customers. They also have the technology to scan personalized bar-code labels on each shea nut sack to track individual production and storage details.
It appears that Sandra Bullock’s fight for equality caused a stir in Hollywood. Several executives convened and initiated an array of tactics aimed at eliminating discrimination. The plan includes bias education, gender parity identifications, training and fellowship programs for female film and TV directors, and ambassadors who will spread the word.
SAP is also doing its part in eliminating gender inequality in support of its vision and purpose, which is to help the world run better and improve people’s lives:
To increase awareness and inspire continuous change, SAP is additionally harnessing the power of Big Data. Utilizing technology such as SAP HANA, the Data for Good initiative is a series of data visualization articles focused on the UN SDGs. For Goal #5, which is to “achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls,” these interactive data visualizations are created by analyzing hundreds of complex data sets gathered from government agencies and social organizations. They help to facilitate a data-driven discussion of the SDGs and viable solutions, while encouraging readers to interact with the data.